What happens when I clone a machine with Chef client installed?

I am just getting started with Chef in my organization. We want to use it to manage machines in AWS. Part of our current workflow involves capturing AMIs from current instances and launching those AMIs as several new instances.

I have searched around and I can't find any information that talks about what happens when a machine with an active Chef client installed gets cloned. Do both machines appear to be the same node to the server?

as far as i know, bootstrap would overide the existing the node details. so only one would be live

It also typically requires credentials to authenticate to the chef server for its initial setup of the individual host. It's pretty straightforward as part of generating a host on request from an existing AMI, and potentially confusing for auto-scaling groups.